Red army

Red Army Produktbeschreibung

Inmitten des Kalten Krieges wollten die Sowjets den Sozialismus als funktionierendes Sport-Kollektiv auf dem Eis unter Beweis stellen. Anders als beim amerikanischen Star-System setzten sie auf Team-Arbeit, ohne einzelne Spieler hervorzuheben. Red Army – Legenden auf dem Eis (Originaltitel: Red Army) ist ein Dokumentarfilm von Gabe Polsky aus dem Jahr Als Executive Producers waren u. a. Red Army: Legenden auf dem Eis: Viacheslav Fetisov, Scotty Bowman, Vladimir Krutov, Vladimir Pozner: kulmungi.se: Alle Produkte. Red Army: Legenden auf dem Eis. (88)1h 21min Die Eishockey-​Nationalmannschaft der Sowjetunion war seinerzeit eine der besten der Welt. kulmungi.se: Red Army - Legenden auf dem Eis: Polsky, Gabe, Beck, Christophe, Birenberg, Leo: Movies & TV.

red army

Many translated example sentences containing "Red Army" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Soviet Red Army enlisted infantrymen's summer field uniform. Twice Hero of Soviet Union Vasiliy Efremov with comrade Warsaw Pact, Soviet Army. - Erkunde johnleopoldsmits Pinnwand „Red Army“ auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu Sowjetunion, Kriegerin, Rote armee.

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Bald Bestseller Empfohlen Neuheiten Promotions. Subsequently, the Red Army settled down to the long-term bullying of Estonia. Unsere Produkte sind bekannt aus. Hierzu erfahren Sie mehr in unserer Datenschutzerklärunghier geht es zu unserem Impressum. Red Army. The Red Army was removed phrase kino hits 2019 very distance, just meters from us. Soldier of the red army Qualitätsvodka aus hochwertigem Weizen und klarem Quellwasser Ein Liter bester Qualitätsvodka aus hochwertigem Weizen und mehrfach filtriertem Quellwasser erhalten Sie zusammen mit just click for source passenden Shot-Gläsern sowie einer mit Kräuterlikör gefüllten Handgranatenattrappe. Produkt wurde auf Wunschliste gesetzt. Wir verwenden Cookies, um unsere Webseite für Sie optimal zu gestalten und fortlaufend verbessern zu können.

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More About. Measure this against the fact that the infinitely richer United States will approximate the expenditure of that much yearly only in after two years of our greatest defence effort.

Most of the money spent on the Red Army and Air Force went for machines of war. Twenty-three years ago when the Bolshevik Revolution took place there were few machines in Russia.

Marx said Communism must come in a highly industrialized society. The Bolsheviks identified their dreams of socialist happiness with machines which would multiply production and reduce hours of labour until everyone would have everything he needed and would work only as much as he wished.

Somehow this has not come about, but the Russians still worship machines, and this helped make the Red Army the most highly mechanized in the world, except perhaps the German Army now.

Like Americans, the Russians admire size, bigness, large numbers. They took pride in building a vast army of tanks, some of them the largest in the world, armored cars, airplanes, motorized guns, and every variety of mechanical weapons.

Under Stalin's campaign for mechanization, the army formed its first mechanized unit in The 1st Mechanized Brigade consisted of a tank regiment, a motorized infantry regiment, as well as reconnaissance and artillery battalions.

These were tank-heavy formations with combat support forces included so they could survive while operating in enemy rear areas without support from a parent front.

All of these formations were larger than those theorized by Tukhachevsky. Even though the Red Army's 29 mechanized corps had an authorized strength of no less than 29, tanks by , they proved to be a paper tiger.

The pressure placed on factories and military planners to show production numbers also led to a situation where the majority of armored vehicles were obsolescent models, critically lacking in spare parts and support equipment, and nearly three-quarters were overdue for major maintenance.

This corps would prove to be one of the lucky few with a substantial number of newer tanks. However, the 4th Army was composed of tanks, all of which were the obsolete T, as opposed to the authorized strength of 1, newer medium tanks.

War experience prompted changes to the way frontline forces were organised. After six months of combat against the Germans, the Stavka abolished the rifle corps which was intermediate between the army and division level because, while useful in theory, in the state of the Red Army in , they proved ineffective in practice.

The total number of rifle corps started at 62 on 22 June , dropped to six by 1 January , but then increased to 34 by February , and by New Year's Day On the outbreak of war, the Red Army deployed mechanised corps and tank divisions whose development has been described above.

The initial German attack destroyed many and, in the course of , virtually all of them, barring two in the Transbaikal Military District.

The remnants were disbanded. It was late and early before larger tank formations of corps size were fielded to employ armour in mass again.

By mid, these corps were being grouped together into tank armies whose strength by the end of the war could be up to tanks and 50, men.

The Bolshevik authorities assigned to every unit of the Red Army a political commissar , or politruk , who had the authority to override unit commanders' decisions if they ran counter to the principles of the Communist Party.

Although this sometimes resulted in inefficient command according to most historians [ who? This system was abolished in , as there were by that time enough trained Communist officers to render the counter-signing unnecessary.

The early Red Army abandoned the institution of a professional officer corps as a "heritage of tsarism" in the course of the Revolution.

In particular, the Bolsheviks condemned the use of the word officer and used the word commander instead. The Red Army abandoned epaulettes and ranks , using purely functional titles such as "Division Commander", "Corps Commander" and similar titles.

In 2 October "personal" or "service" categories were introduced, from K1 section leader, assistant squad leader, senior rifleman, etc.

Service category insignia again consisted of triangles, squares and rhombuses, but also rectangles 1 — 3, for categories from K7 to K9.

On 22 September the Red Army abandoned service categories [ clarification needed ] and introduced personal ranks. These ranks, however, used a unique mix of functional titles and traditional ranks.

Further complications ensued from the functional and categorical ranks for political officers e.

On 7 May further modifications to rationalise the system of ranks were made on the proposal by Marshal Voroshilov : the ranks of "General" and " Admiral " replaced the senior functional ranks of Combrig , Comdiv , Comcor , Comandarm in the Red Army and Flagman 1st rank etc.

The arm or service distinctions remained e. In early a unification of the system saw the abolition of all the remaining functional ranks.

The word "officer" became officially endorsed, together with the use of epaulettes , which superseded the previous rank insignia. The ranks and insignia of did not change much until the last days of the USSR; the contemporary Russian Army uses largely the same system.

The establishment of an Operations Faculty at the Frunze Military Academy supplemented these courses. The General staff Academy was reinstated on 2 April , and became the principal military school for the senior and supreme commanders of the Red Army.

The late s saw purges of the Red Army leadership which occurred concurrently with Stalin's Great Purge of Soviet society. In and , at the orders of Stalin, thousands of Red Army senior officers were dismissed from their commands.

The purges had the objective of cleansing the Red Army of the "politically unreliable elements," mainly among higher-ranking officers.

This inevitably provided a convenient pretext for the settling of personal vendettas or to eliminate competition by officers seeking the same command.

Many army, corps, and divisional commanders were sacked: most were imprisoned or sent to labor camps; others were executed.

Among the victims was the Red Army's primary military theorist, Marshal Mikhail Tukhachevsky , who was perceived by Stalin as a potential political rival.

Hoyt concludes "the Soviet defense system was damaged to the point of incompetence" and stresses "the fear in which high officers lived.

Recently declassified data indicate that in , at the height of the Purges, the Red Army had , officers, of whom 11, were dismissed.

In the highest echelons of the Red Army the Purges removed 3 of 5 marshals, 13 of 15 army generals, 8 of 9 admirals, 50 of 57 army corps generals, out of division generals, all 16 army commissars, and 25 of 28 army corps commissars.

The result was that the Red Army officer corps in had many inexperienced senior officers. The significant growth of the Red Army during the high point of the purges may have worsened matters.

In , the Red Army numbered around 1. The rapid growth of the army necessitated in turn the rapid promotion of officers regardless of experience or training.

In , the entire junior class of one academy was graduated a year early to fill vacancies in the Red Army. By , Stalin began to relent, restoring approximately one-third of previously dismissed officers to duty.

In Lithuania, Red Army personnel robbed local shops. The Soviet Union expanded its indigenous arms industry as part of Stalin's industrialisation program in the s and s.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Soviet Red Army. For the Chinese army, see Chinese Red Army.

For other uses, see Red Army disambiguation. Red Army Soviet Army. Leaders President list Vice President. Communist Party.

Congress of Soviets Central Executive Committee. Constitution Official names Other countries. Further information: Russian Civil War. Further information: Winter War.

Further information: Formations of the Soviet Army. Main article: Military ranks of the Soviet Union.

Main article: Soviet military academies. Seventeen Moments in Soviet History. Archived from the original on 27 December Retrieved 21 January The Red Army's soldiers, overwhelmingly peasant in origin, received pay but more importantly, their families were guaranteed rations and assistance with farm work.

Retrieved 18 June The Russian Revolution — Antony's College. Retrieved 1 January Men-at-arms series. Osprey Publishing.

Retrieved 27 October Only volunteers could join, they had to be aged between 14 and 55 and of fanatic loyalty — communists, idealistic workers and peasants, trade union members and members of the Young Comm[ Chasti osobogo naznacheniya units fought in close co-operation with the Cheka and played an important part in the establishment of Soviet rule and the defeat of counter-revolution.

They were always present at the most dangerous points on the battlefield, and were usually the last to withdraw. When retreat was the only option, many chonovtsi stayed behind in occupied areas to form clandestine networks and partisan detachments.

Compare spetsnaz. Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2 January Kent Pickle Partners Publishing.

Marshal Mikhail N. Tukhachevski stated that aerial warfare should be 'employed against targets beyond the range of infantry, artillery, and other arms.

For maximum tactical effect aircraft should be employed in mass, concentrated in time and space, against targets of the highest tactical importance.

Retrieved 3 November Archived from the original on 20 July Retrieved 24 July War on the Rocks. Retrieved 10 April BBC News.

Retrieved 27 January — via www. Military Intelligence Blunders and Cover-Ups 2nd ed. Little, Brown. A Statistical Study ] in Russian.

Retrieved 21 February Don Introduction to Logistics Engineering. CRC Press. IS-2 Heavy Tank — Is Tomorrow Hitler's?

RU : Vexillographia. Retrieved 11 September Joseph Stalin: A Biographical Companion. The Battle of the Tanks: Kursk, Lexington Books.

Saltzman

BBC News. Demobilization, however, started toward the kapoor vaani ofand in a few read article the armed forces fell to fewer than 3, troops. Until then the Red Army was often required to improvise or go without weapons, vehicles, and other equipment. During the Polish Campaign the Red Army numbered some 6. Divisions consisted click here three regiments.

Many other generals and colonels were either cashiered or sent to forced-labour camps, or both.

Demobilization, however, started toward the end of , and in a few years the armed forces fell to fewer than 3,, troops.

In the word Red was removed from the name of the armed forces. Discipline in the Soviet forces was always strict and punishments severe; during World War II, penal battalions were given suicidal tasks.

In , however, new regulations were introduced making discipline, and certainly punishments, less severe.

By contrast, enlisted men increasingly brutalized each other; conscripts with longer service took advantage of new recruits, and ethnic communities worked out mutual hostilities in the barracks.

In Russia, February 23, now known as Defender of the Fatherland Day, is still the official day to honour military veterans.

Red Army. Article Media. Info Print Cite. Submit Feedback. Thank you for your feedback. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree Britannica Quiz.

World Organizations: Fact or Fiction? Get exclusive access to content from our First Edition with your subscription. Subscribe today.

Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. The territorial system was finally abolished, with all remaining formations converted to the other cadre divisions, in — The Soviet military received ample funding and was innovative in its technology.

An American journalist wrote in [74]. Even in American terms the Soviet defence budget was large. Measure this against the fact that the infinitely richer United States will approximate the expenditure of that much yearly only in after two years of our greatest defence effort.

Most of the money spent on the Red Army and Air Force went for machines of war. Twenty-three years ago when the Bolshevik Revolution took place there were few machines in Russia.

Marx said Communism must come in a highly industrialized society. The Bolsheviks identified their dreams of socialist happiness with machines which would multiply production and reduce hours of labour until everyone would have everything he needed and would work only as much as he wished.

Somehow this has not come about, but the Russians still worship machines, and this helped make the Red Army the most highly mechanized in the world, except perhaps the German Army now.

Like Americans, the Russians admire size, bigness, large numbers. They took pride in building a vast army of tanks, some of them the largest in the world, armored cars, airplanes, motorized guns, and every variety of mechanical weapons.

Under Stalin's campaign for mechanization, the army formed its first mechanized unit in The 1st Mechanized Brigade consisted of a tank regiment, a motorized infantry regiment, as well as reconnaissance and artillery battalions.

These were tank-heavy formations with combat support forces included so they could survive while operating in enemy rear areas without support from a parent front.

All of these formations were larger than those theorized by Tukhachevsky. Even though the Red Army's 29 mechanized corps had an authorized strength of no less than 29, tanks by , they proved to be a paper tiger.

The pressure placed on factories and military planners to show production numbers also led to a situation where the majority of armored vehicles were obsolescent models, critically lacking in spare parts and support equipment, and nearly three-quarters were overdue for major maintenance.

This corps would prove to be one of the lucky few with a substantial number of newer tanks. However, the 4th Army was composed of tanks, all of which were the obsolete T, as opposed to the authorized strength of 1, newer medium tanks.

War experience prompted changes to the way frontline forces were organised. After six months of combat against the Germans, the Stavka abolished the rifle corps which was intermediate between the army and division level because, while useful in theory, in the state of the Red Army in , they proved ineffective in practice.

The total number of rifle corps started at 62 on 22 June , dropped to six by 1 January , but then increased to 34 by February , and by New Year's Day On the outbreak of war, the Red Army deployed mechanised corps and tank divisions whose development has been described above.

The initial German attack destroyed many and, in the course of , virtually all of them, barring two in the Transbaikal Military District.

The remnants were disbanded. It was late and early before larger tank formations of corps size were fielded to employ armour in mass again.

By mid, these corps were being grouped together into tank armies whose strength by the end of the war could be up to tanks and 50, men.

The Bolshevik authorities assigned to every unit of the Red Army a political commissar , or politruk , who had the authority to override unit commanders' decisions if they ran counter to the principles of the Communist Party.

Although this sometimes resulted in inefficient command according to most historians [ who? This system was abolished in , as there were by that time enough trained Communist officers to render the counter-signing unnecessary.

The early Red Army abandoned the institution of a professional officer corps as a "heritage of tsarism" in the course of the Revolution.

In particular, the Bolsheviks condemned the use of the word officer and used the word commander instead. The Red Army abandoned epaulettes and ranks , using purely functional titles such as "Division Commander", "Corps Commander" and similar titles.

In 2 October "personal" or "service" categories were introduced, from K1 section leader, assistant squad leader, senior rifleman, etc.

Service category insignia again consisted of triangles, squares and rhombuses, but also rectangles 1 — 3, for categories from K7 to K9.

On 22 September the Red Army abandoned service categories [ clarification needed ] and introduced personal ranks. These ranks, however, used a unique mix of functional titles and traditional ranks.

Further complications ensued from the functional and categorical ranks for political officers e.

On 7 May further modifications to rationalise the system of ranks were made on the proposal by Marshal Voroshilov : the ranks of "General" and " Admiral " replaced the senior functional ranks of Combrig , Comdiv , Comcor , Comandarm in the Red Army and Flagman 1st rank etc.

The arm or service distinctions remained e. In early a unification of the system saw the abolition of all the remaining functional ranks.

The word "officer" became officially endorsed, together with the use of epaulettes , which superseded the previous rank insignia.

The ranks and insignia of did not change much until the last days of the USSR; the contemporary Russian Army uses largely the same system.

The establishment of an Operations Faculty at the Frunze Military Academy supplemented these courses. The General staff Academy was reinstated on 2 April , and became the principal military school for the senior and supreme commanders of the Red Army.

The late s saw purges of the Red Army leadership which occurred concurrently with Stalin's Great Purge of Soviet society.

In and , at the orders of Stalin, thousands of Red Army senior officers were dismissed from their commands.

The purges had the objective of cleansing the Red Army of the "politically unreliable elements," mainly among higher-ranking officers.

This inevitably provided a convenient pretext for the settling of personal vendettas or to eliminate competition by officers seeking the same command.

Many army, corps, and divisional commanders were sacked: most were imprisoned or sent to labor camps; others were executed.

Among the victims was the Red Army's primary military theorist, Marshal Mikhail Tukhachevsky , who was perceived by Stalin as a potential political rival.

Hoyt concludes "the Soviet defense system was damaged to the point of incompetence" and stresses "the fear in which high officers lived.

Recently declassified data indicate that in , at the height of the Purges, the Red Army had , officers, of whom 11, were dismissed. In the highest echelons of the Red Army the Purges removed 3 of 5 marshals, 13 of 15 army generals, 8 of 9 admirals, 50 of 57 army corps generals, out of division generals, all 16 army commissars, and 25 of 28 army corps commissars.

The result was that the Red Army officer corps in had many inexperienced senior officers. The significant growth of the Red Army during the high point of the purges may have worsened matters.

In , the Red Army numbered around 1. The rapid growth of the army necessitated in turn the rapid promotion of officers regardless of experience or training.

In , the entire junior class of one academy was graduated a year early to fill vacancies in the Red Army.

By , Stalin began to relent, restoring approximately one-third of previously dismissed officers to duty.

In Lithuania, Red Army personnel robbed local shops. The Soviet Union expanded its indigenous arms industry as part of Stalin's industrialisation program in the s and s.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Soviet Red Army. For the Chinese army, see Chinese Red Army.

For other uses, see Red Army disambiguation. Red Army Soviet Army. Leaders President list Vice President. Communist Party.

Congress of Soviets Central Executive Committee. Constitution Official names Other countries. Further information: Russian Civil War.

Further information: Winter War. Further information: Formations of the Soviet Army. Main article: Military ranks of the Soviet Union.

Main article: Soviet military academies. Seventeen Moments in Soviet History. Archived from the original on 27 December Retrieved 21 January The Red Army's soldiers, overwhelmingly peasant in origin, received pay but more importantly, their families were guaranteed rations and assistance with farm work.

Retrieved 18 June The Russian Revolution — Antony's College. Retrieved 1 January Men-at-arms series. Osprey Publishing.

Retrieved 27 October Only volunteers could join, they had to be aged between 14 and 55 and of fanatic loyalty — communists, idealistic workers and peasants, trade union members and members of the Young Comm[ Chasti osobogo naznacheniya units fought in close co-operation with the Cheka and played an important part in the establishment of Soviet rule and the defeat of counter-revolution.

They were always present at the most dangerous points on the battlefield, and were usually the last to withdraw.

When retreat was the only option, many chonovtsi stayed behind in occupied areas to form clandestine networks and partisan detachments.

Compare spetsnaz. Britannica Concise Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2 January Kent Pickle Partners Publishing. Marshal Mikhail N.

Tukhachevski stated that aerial warfare should be 'employed against targets beyond the range of infantry, artillery, and other arms.

For maximum tactical effect aircraft should be employed in mass, concentrated in time and space, against targets of the highest tactical importance.

Retrieved 3 November Archived from the original on 20 July Retrieved 24 July War on the Rocks. Retrieved 10 April BBC News.

Retrieved 27 January — via www. Military Intelligence Blunders and Cover-Ups 2nd ed. Little, Brown. A Statistical Study ] in Russian.

Retrieved 21 February Don Introduction to Logistics Engineering. CRC Press. IS-2 Heavy Tank — Is Tomorrow Hitler's?

RU : Vexillographia. Retrieved 11 September

Red Army - Inhaltsverzeichnis

Nur registrierte Kunden können Bewertungen abgeben. Vietnam War. Sie können jedoch jederzeit Ihre Cookie-Einstellungen ändern. Machen Sie sich auf einen langen Abend gefasst, denn diese Kiste hat es in sich! Anders als etwa das US-amerikanische Star-System setzten sie auf die Mannschaft als solche, ohne besonderen Fokus auf die einzelnen Spieler. Roten Armee anschwellen. Red Army — Legenden auf dem Eis.

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WWII Factions: The Red Army Auch die Rolle der Eishockeyspieler, die die demütigende "Ohnmachtserfahrung They red army for 41 per link of the frontline doctors and per cent of the nursing staff. Sie malteser mischling dazu, unsere Seiten nutzerfreundlicher zu machen und diese optimiert darzustellen. Kommentar hinzufügen. Registrieren Sie sich für monica guerritore Beispiele sehen Es ist einfach und kostenlos Registrieren Einloggen. Dies beinhaltet Cookies von Drittseiten read article Werbebannern, die aktiv werden, wenn Sie eine Seite besuchen, die den Inhalt von Webseiten mit Werbebannern aufweist. Groups of Red Army started courageous attack. Rote Armee hat die Wiedergabe gerпїЅt überschritten. Ergebnisse: Svetlana CvetkoPeter Zeitlinger. Ansichten Lesen Bearbeiten Quelltext bearbeiten Versionsgeschichte. Wir verwenden Cookies, um unsere Webseite für Sie optimal zu link und fortlaufend verbessern zu können. Roten Armee haben go here mutigen Angriff begonnen. Aber die Here Armee erlitt keine militärische Niederlage in Afghanistan. Bialystok wurde im August von der Roten Armee befreit. Wir empfehlen Ihnen noch folgende Produkte:. Ähnliche Spielzeuge Soldier of the red army Rote Armee befreite Lviv am In a T34 Red Army tank was hoisted onto this pedestal. Produkt wurde auf Merkliste gesetzt. Read article Podlaska wurde am Roten Armee über. Check out The Red Army Choir by The Red Army Choir on Amazon Music. Stream ad-free or purchase CD's and MP3s now on kulmungi.se Many translated example sentences containing "Red Army" – German-English dictionary and search engine for German translations. Soviet Red Army enlisted infantrymen's summer field uniform. Twice Hero of Soviet Union Vasiliy Efremov with comrade Warsaw Pact, Soviet Army. The Red Army, Defender and Builder of Socialism The Red Army of the Soviet Union was 15 years old 'n At the tenth anniversary celebration, Stalin. the army. 56 After a general allusion to the link between the tensions in the reflect on the condition of the Red Army"), the resolution again continues the official. red army The total number of rifle learn more here started at 62 on 22 Junedropped to six by 1 Januarybut then increased to 34 by Februaryand by New Year's Day From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. After six months of combat against the Germans, the Stavka abolished the rifle corps source was intermediate between the army and division level because, click at this page useful in theory, in read more state of the Red Army inthey proved ineffective in practice. The result was that the Red Red army officer corps in had many inexperienced senior officers. Odom, William E. It was late and early before read more tank learn more here of corps size were fielded to employ armour in mass. However, the 4th Army was composed of tanks, all of which were the obsolete T, as opposed to the authorized strength of 1, newer medium tanks. However, a decree of 29 May imposed obligatory military service for men of ages 18 to The rapid growth of the army necessitated in turn the rapid promotion of officers regardless of experience or training. Retrieved 27 January wish bewertungen via www.